Anglo American plc is a British multinational mining company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is the world’s largest producer of platinum, with around 40% of world output, and a major producer of diamonds, copper, nickel, iron ore and metallurgical and thermal coal. It has operations in Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe, North America and South America. (Source: Wikipedia)
Controversies associated with Anglo American include:
- The giant open-pit Cerrejón coal mine in La Guajira, northern Colombia. The mine is jointly owned by Anglo American, BHP Billiton and Glencore Xstrata. The Cerrejón mine is located in Wayúu indigenous territory and when mining began 30 years ago local people were not consulted. Instead their lands were seized and communities were forcibly displaced, violating their constitutional land rights. The Colombian government has failed to adequately compensate any of the affected communities. Pollution and dust from the coal mine has caused the contamination of water supplies and the air. Indigenous groups report that their traditional lifestyle has been badly affected, soil pollution has caused failed crops, fishing areas have been contaminated and displacement has disturbed inter-community relations.
- Approximately 4000 ex-miners in South Africa are seeking compensation from Anglo American for silicosis, an illness caused by the inhalation of tiny particles of silica dust from gold-bearing rocks over many years without adequate protection. An initial 23 cases were settled out of court in September 2013.