Links between gender based violence (GBV) and mining have been documented in many parts of the world. However, there is very little research that examines the scale of GBV in mine affected communities and the social and structural aspects that cause GBV. Research undertaken by Isabel Cane of the Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining helps fill this gap. The research was conducted in Mongolia. Mongolia is in the midst of a mining boom driven in part by Australia’s Rio Tinto and its Oyu Tolgoi mine – one of the largest gold and copper mines in the world.