In July 2012, the UK-based mining company, Vedanta Resources plc dumped fly-ash onto forest land near its Jharsuguda aluminium smelter. Just over a fortnight ago, an ash pipeline burst at the same site – spreading toxic wastes over more than fifteen acres of farmland. Characteristically, despite a deplorable record of mismanagement, Vedanta hasĀ  blamedĀ  the occurrence on local “mafias”, accusing them of stealing parts of the pipe.