The Rhokana Corporation and Zambia’s copperbelt

Anglo American takes control of Rhokana Corporation and its largest division, the Nkana mine in the Zambian Copperbelt (then Northern Rhodesia). Although copper had been discovered, exploited and traded by Africans for centuries, Anglo American’s dominance played a pivotal role in the industrialisation of the region at the cost of starvation wages and racial discrimination.

Parpart, Jane L. Labor and capital on the African Copperbelt. Temple University Press, 2018.

Munene, Hyden. “A History of Rhokana/Rokana Corporation and its Nkana Mine Division, 1928-1991.” PhD diss., University of the Free State, 2018.