Violent confrontations between two South African unions have so far cost three mineworker’s lives, and the situation shows little sign of being peacefully resolved. At the heart of the conflict are not just labour issues, but the political affiliations of the rival parties. The disturbances have been at operations of Impala Platinum (Implats) which is the second largest producer of platinum after Anglo American subsidiary Anglo Platinum. Implats is listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange but has a standard listing on the London Stock Exchange.