Indigenous Papuans are waging a four-decade long nonviolent struggle for independence from Indonesia. At the heart of Papuan grievances lies Freeport, the world’s largest gold and copper mine, owned and operated by US based company Freeport McMoRan and their Indonesian subsidiary PT Freeport Indonesia. Expansion of its Grasberg mine was heavily financed by London-based Rio Tinto, which takes a large share of the copper-gold mine’s profits.