The Indian state of Goa has pledged to close down all illegal iron ore mines. That’s welcome news, except that some “legal” outfits – such as Vedanta’s Sesa Goa – have also been accused of profiting from illegal operations. Meanwhile, the world’s second largest iron ore exporter, Rio Tinto, is set to invest US$2 billion in its Orissa iron ore project, claiming it’s already “working with local communities” to secure a social license.