Following a recent African conference, a substantial number of organisations, supported by their overseas colleagues, are calling for “the promotion and protection of community rights, the environment, and realisation of the aspirations of African peoples” impacted by mining. Their demands include a “review of mining contracts to make them fair, transparent, equitable and to optimise their contribution to national development”. They also urge the “upward review of royalty tax and state equity participation”, and for a “specific percentage of [a] super tax to be devoted for implementation of the continental reform agenda”. Moreover, they say, environmental and social impact assessments must now “take account of issues such as human rights, gender, housing and access to livelihood”.