EITI is the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative.
Why should we be concerned about extractive industries (EI) and gender?  Experience at the World Bank has identified what we call the extractive industries (EI) gender bias. 
For local communities, the bulk of the benefits are employment and income – which go primarily to men.  Typically 80-90% of the employment at a mining site or oil/gas production area goes to men. 
In contrast, most of the negative, social, environmental and cultural negative impacts, often including increased domestic and community violence, fall upon women and the families they care for.
See http://eiti.org/blog/empowering-women-through-eiti.